This LibGuide covers definitions of data, the data lifecycle, research data management, reusing data, and data ownership and ethics.
There are many definitions of research data, but one common one comes from the OMB Circular A-110:
"The recorded factual material commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings."
Research data can be divided into four broad types (from the University of Edinburg):
Data can cover a broad range of information, depending on research project and discipline: