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BIOL 381: Theories of Infectious Disease

Citing Sources - introduction

Citing your sources is a structured way to document the research in your research paper! Citing sources properly lends credibility to your paper and helps prevent plagiarism.


Zotero is a citation management tool that allows you to easily cite your sources and manage source PDFs!

Check out the Zotero research guide, below, for more information!

In-line citations

In-text, or in-line citations are a structured way to cite your sources in the body of a paper. They are paired with a reference list that provides additional details about the source. You include an in-text citation when you paraphrase or quote a source.


References work together with in-text citations to document your research. In-text citations provide a shorthand way of identifying the source and the reference provides all the publication details of the source.