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Expository Writing: Professor Mancuso

How Can You Spot Fake News?

  • What is the source? Is it credible? What is its bias? Is this a "brand name"? Example of a brand name- The New York Times 
  • Does it have credentials, expertise, and a reputation?
  • Does the source avoid conflicts of interest including financial and political?
  • You need to take the time to really look at the source of the information and this critically about it.  

Examples of Misinformation or Disinformation

  • Satire or parody: no intention to cause harm but potential to fool
  • Misleading content: misleading use of information to frame an issue or individual,
  • Imposter content: when genuine sources are impersonated
  • Fabricated content: when new content is 100% fake and is designed to deceive and do harm
  • False connections: when headlines, visuals, or captions do not support the content. 
  • False content: when genuine content is shared with false contextual information
  • Manipulated content: when genuine information or imagery is manipulated to deceive

Resource list- Misinformation, Disinformation, and Debunking sites:

Examples of Valid News Sources, Left leaning (Liberal) vs Right Leaning (Conservative)

These are valid news sources that check their facts, but express different opinions:

  • Left leaning:
    • New York Times
    • Boston Globe
    • Washington Post


  • Right leaning:
    • Wall Street Journal
    • Chicago Tribune
    • Bloomberg