" “Hispanic” is a term used by the U.S. State Department to describe any person of Latin American, Caribbean, and Spanish origin. The largest groups of Hispanic Americans are Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans. But the term also includes the descendants of Spaniards who first arrived on this continent in the seventeenth century, first-generation immigrants from El Salvador and native Peruvians. This broad category “Hispanic” encompasses many ethnic groups, including Native Americans, Arabians, and persons of a mixed heritage, each with a unique history and culture. Many Hispanics prefer the term Latino, short for latino americano (Latin American) to reflect the wide range of their diversity."
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